The Luminara “patented” flame effect technology was developed in a commercial form in 2008. It uses a combination of electromagnetics and LED lights to replicate a burning flame. After three years in product development, Luminara has created a collection of flame-replicating designer candles that are practically indistinguishable from traditional candles. Headquartered in Eden Prairie, MN, Luminara continues to advance the technology and bring new products to market through retailers and distributors in the U.S., Europe and Asia. – See more at: http://www.bethlehemlights.com/Products/Signature-Collections/Thomas-Kinkade.